Diagnosis- Osteoarthritis for more than 15 year
The knee joint is where your thigh bone (femur) and shin bone (tibia) meet. The end of each bone is covered with cartilage which has a smooth, slippery surface that allows the ends of the bones to move against each other almost without friction.
Knee joint is held in place by four large ligaments. The ligaments prevent the bones from moving in the wrong directions or dislocation.
The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)
The posterior cruciate ligament (PCL)
The medial and lateral collateral ligaments (MCL and LCL)
Two C-shaped pieces of fibrous tissue called the medial and lateral menisci to act as shock absorbers between the femur and tibia.
Understanding Knee Joint Pain:
Pain in the Knee joint could be due to a problem in one or more of the Knee joint structures, namely.
Muscles– Muscles are supporting structures of knee joint. Muscles provide stability and responsible for joint movement. Muscle’s injury and weakness can cause knee pain.
Symptoms Of Muscle Weakness-
Pain (Front Knee Pain), Pain while stair climbing, Clicking Sound (Crepitus), Reduced muscle mass, tenderness, etc.
Dietary Changes- High protein Diet.
Physiotherapy– (Muscle Strengthening Exercise, knee flexibility exercise, and knee range of motion exercise). Exercise is important because it helps to strengthen knee muscles and maintain the joint range of motion.
Medication- Simple pain killers (Analgesic) like paracetamol can help to ease the pain.
Tendon/Ligaments – Connecting tissues between Bone to Muscle are tendons, and Bone to Bone are ligaments. The joint pain, in this case, may be due to a stretch or an injury. Pain in the tendons of the knee is typically felt at the front of the knee.
Ligament- The tissue structure that connects two bones to form a joint.
Knee pain due to ligament Injury- Ligament may be stretched (sprained/ torn), or sometimes torn (ruptured).
Symptoms- (Ligament Sprain/ Tear) – Laxity or loosening of the joint.
Symptoms of a knee ligament injury vary depending on the specific ligament that is torn or ruptured:
Treatment- Treatment may include:
Cartilage- Cartilage is a tough coating on the bone surface. Damage in the Cartilage can cause knee pain. With the age advance, particularly after 40’s the degeneration of cartilage is increases and bone start exposing to other bone. The root cause of pain is stimulation of nerve ending below the cartilage which is exposed due to defect in the cartilage and pain gets started.
Cartilage undergoes a normal cycle of breakdown and repair. As the joint surface wears away, the body attempts to replace it using an inflammatory response. So the Cartilage regeneration and degeneration is a continuous process.
Causes Of Cartilage Damage-
A knee cartilage injury can happen in several ways, either suddenly or from general wear and tear. Specific incidents which may affect the knee cartilage can include:
Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease characterized by joint pain. Experts believe that Cartilage degeneration is the root cause of Arthritis characterized by pain & stiffness in joints. In India, one out of every six patients suffers from joints pain. Data suggest that more & more young patients are detected with Osteoarthritis, putting a major concern on the health of the younger working population of the country.
Grades Of Osteoarthritis-